One of the most important components on any modern vehicle is the engine computer (or ECM) as it is responsible for a wide range of functions within the engine management system. The ECM works by sending signals from a series of sensors to a variety of actuators to control the way they perform based on the data the ECM receives. The ECM controls and is constantly working to manage different areas of the vehicle to ensure that the vehicle is working at its best. One of these areas is the charging system which is made up of the battery, the voltage regulator, and the alternator. The purpose of the charging system is to ensure that the battery stays charged and to ensure that enough electricity is supplied to the engine in order for it to fire the spark plugs so that the vehicle will start. The way these components perform has an effect on the charging system as a whole, so the condition of these parts are vital to the overall condition of the vehicle. In order to understand how the charging system functions as a whole, it’s important to understand how its individual components work together.
The Battery and ECM
The battery is the primary source of electricity for your vehicle and is responsible for supplying enough electricity required in order to feed your vehicle’s starter to fire the engine. In order for the battery to supply this electricity, it must rely on the alternator to continuously charge it. Without the alternator, the vehicle would not have enough electricity to drive more than a few miles. It’s a common misconception that it’s the battery alone that supplies the vehicle with electricity when, in fact, it’s the batteries relationship with the alternator that is responsible for the vehicle’s electricity. The battery does have enough electricity alone to feed the ignition, and once the vehicle is turned on, the alternator kicks in to charge the battery. In order for this to happen, the alternator must supply the correct amount of voltage which can be anywhere from 13-14 volts. This is where the voltage regulator comes in, it allows the alternator to maintain the correct amount of voltage so that the alternator does not exceed the amount of voltage supplied to the battery. Too much voltage supplied to the battery and components can begin to fry, too little and the battery will not charge at all. The relationship between these components is imperative for the charging system to function properly, and these components are all monitored by the engine computer.
Based on the information the engine computer receives from different sensors, it will adjust the way different components function based on this data. This is how the Engine control module ECM is responsible for the charging system. If the vehicle requires more electricity, then it will alert the alternator that more electricity needs to be generated. Because the ECM is in constant communication with the alternator,if you have a bad ECM and the check engine light is not illuminated then it can greatly impact the way the charging system operates. If the ECM does not tell the alternator that more electricity needs to be supplied to the battery then the electrical components will use up more electricity than what is being generated. This will cause the battery to drain quite quickly if the problem is not rectified. In addition to this, in many vehicles the voltage regulator is built into the Control Modules rather than the alternator, which can cause additional problems. This makes the condition of your ECM as important as any other component within the charging system. A bad or failing ECM will not only have an impact on your battery but also it can bring up various engine performance issues and your fuel economy.
At Flagship One we are a dedicated and a world leader when it comes to engine control modules replacement and repairs, feel free to call or chat right now with one of our agents and let us help you find a solution today!